Dividing Leviathan among the Merchants – Part 2

Rep. Willis C. Hawley (R, Oregon) and Senator Reed Smut (R, Utah)
Rep. Willis C. Hawley (R, Oregon) and Senator Reed Smut (R, Utah)

The Morrill Tariff, which was introduced by Republicans in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1858, was one of the three highest tariffs in U.S. History.  It passed the House on May 10, 1860, receiving only one Southern vote. Lincoln campaigned for it and was elected President on November 6, 1860.  It passed the Senate with no Southern votes on March 2, 1861, two days before Lincoln’s inauguration. This would more than double the tariff rates under the “Free-Trade” Tariff passed in 1857. Lincoln promised to collect the tariffs due at Southern ports, which were about 83 percent of the total U.S. tariff income. Its average tax on dutiable goods reached 47 percent, and the total overall average rate including duty-free items was 29 percent.

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American Economic Struggles 1789 to 2019 - Part 1 of 2

Sen Henry Clay of Kentucky (1777-1852) one of the most prominent American politicians of his era. Famous for Whig Party leadership and his “American System” of economics that included high protective tariffs, government subsidies for key infrastructure industries, and a Central Bank for a single currency and fiat money creation. The Whigs were the foundation of the new Republican Party in 185
Sen Henry Clay of Kentucky (1777-1852) one of the most prominent American politicians of his era. Famous for Whig Party leadership and his “American System” of economics that included high protective tariffs, government subsidies for key infrastructure industries, and a Central Bank for a single currency and fiat money creation. The Whigs were the foundation of the new Republican Party in 185

Tariffs are a tax on specified imported goods to provide revenue for the Federal government. In the early history of Federal taxation in the United States, 95 to 100 percent of Federal tax revenues came from tariffs on imported goods. High tariffs on some imported goods have frequently been used to protect U.S manufacturers from competition from lower priced foreign goods. In addition, it has been in the national interest to assure that we do not become dependent on foreign sources for materials and goods critical to national security.

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Reagan, Gorbachev, the Soviet Pull Out, and Now

Despite the heavy pounding by Red Army and Soviet Air Force firepower, the Mujahidin hung on, largely with the help of U.S. and other Allied finances and weapons. China supplied them with SA-7 handheld surface-to-air (SAM) missiles and long-range 107mm and 130mm artillery. The Soviet Air Force, however, brought in new MiG 27 fighter-bombers and new SU-25 Frogfoot attack-bombers, roughly equivalent to the U.S. A-10 Warthog.  The SU-25s were amazingly effective in making steep dives into narrow mountain valleys and canyons. Red Army mechanized units also upgraded the firepower of their tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, and armored personnel carriers, and the infantry now carried new AK-74 assault rifles.

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Pashtun Mujahidin aligned with Taliban.
Pashtun Mujahidin aligned with Taliban.

Potential Mujahidin manpower vastly outnumbered Soviet forces in Afghanistan. During the course of the nine-year war, from 1979 to 1989, approximately one million Mujahidin engaged in determined armed resistance to the Soviet Union’s invasion of their homeland. The vast majority were either native Afghans or Afghan refugees living in Pakistan.

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Muslim Holy War against the Red Army - Part 2 of a Series

Soviet Mi-24 helicopter gunship. Inflicted heavy casualties on Mujahidin holly warriors.
Soviet Mi-24 helicopter gunship. Inflicted heavy casualties on Mujahidin holly warriors.

Once the Muslim imams and mullahs began preaching Jihad against the Russian infidels and the Mujahidin had some guerilla warfare successes, the People’s Democratic Army of Afghanistan (PDA) began to melt away. The invading Red Army could no longer count on effective local political and military support.  On January 1, 1980, the PDA 15th Division revolted in Kandahar. Three battalions of the 11th PDA Division deserted when the Soviet 201st MRD (Mobile Rifle Division) rolled into Jalalabad. By mid-1980, the once 90,000-strong PDA had melted away by desertion, casualties, and switched loyalties to only 30,000 confused and largely ineffective troops.

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Mike Scruggs